Asthma is a chronic disease that causes inflammation of the bronchioles in the baby’s lungs. The symptoms of asthma show a pattern that emerge over a period of time. It also occurs if someone in the family suffers from the disease. Allergies can occur due to many factors. In an allergic reaction, the body’s immune system reacts negatively to anything that the body is allergic to. This reaction manifests itself in the form of skin rashes, itching, wheezing or continuous whooping cough in babies. A baby who is suffering from runny nose or a wheezing cough, might actually be allergic to something or suffering from asthma. Sometimes the wheezing might be due to a cold or a throat infection. It is not necessary that all wheezing in babies be due to asthma. Asthma has specific symptoms such as:
Symptoms of Asthma in Babies
- A continued dry cough, which is severe during the night and morning.
- Persistent difficulty in breathing.
- Tightness and shortness of breath in the baby’s chest.
What Causes Asthma in Babies
In babies, asthma occurs as a reaction to some trigger like dust mites, pet saliva, cat hair etc. Cigarette smoke can also cause asthma. An infection in the respiratory system which is caused by virus can also lead to an attack. In asthma, the allergic reactions occur in the lungs of the baby. The chemicals that are released by the antibodies cause an inflammation in the lining of his lungs and the muscles of the baby’s airways tighten.
Conditions that Allow Asthma to Prevail in Babies
- Babies of parents who smoke are more likely to get asthma.
- Babies born to women who smoked or who were exposed to smoke are more likely to develop asthma .
- A premature baby or a baby with low birth weight has more chances of being asthmatic.
- The babies born to parents where one or both suffer from asthma are more prone to this condition.
- Babies suffering from any kind of allergy like eczema or food allergy Are more susceptible to asthma.
Asthma cases have been rising over the past few years. This is because babies these days are being born with less mature immune systems, which means even a small trigger contributes to asthma. Asthma has no cure; however it reduces in severity as the babies grow and can be managed with medicines and by taking some precautions. The baby should not be exposed to the allergens that cause the baby to wheeze. If your baby has asthma or is suffering from allergy, do not isolate him. Encourage him to be active and continue making friends. Remember anything can be tackled with positivism and cheer.