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List of Gross Motor Skills for Preschoolers You Should KnowGross motor skills for 3-year-olds:Gross motor skills for 4-year-oldsGross motor skills for 5-year-olds:Gross motor skills for 6-year-oldsHow to Develop Gross Motor Skills in Preschoolers
Children undergo a growth explosion in gross motor skills development between the ages of 3 and 6. Unless you know what to expect at what age, it can at times get overwhelming for you. This can be exacerbated when kids the same age develop faster.
List of Gross Motor Skills for Preschoolers You Should Know
It’s important to know what gross motor skills are. These are a set of abilities involving the larger muscle groups of the body. They include crawling, running and jumping among others.
Gross motor skills for 3-year-olds:
- They can stand on one foot for around 3 seconds
- They can walk on a line and climb stairs up and down without railing support
- They can jump forward and also jump off a short height with feet together
- Another example of gross motor skills for preschoolers is that they can use a slide independently
- They can kick a stationary ball almost 6 feet. Moms, make sure they do it outside!
- They can pedal a tricycle for a short distance
Gross motor skills for 4-year-olds
- They can stand on one foot for at least 5 seconds
- They can jump over small hurdles as well jump up onto a step with both feet
- They can alternate directions while running without losing their balance
- An interesting gross motor developmental milestone in 4-year-olds is that they can walk backwards on a line
- They can throw a ball to hit a target 5 feet away
- They can turn corners while riding a bicycle.
Gross motor skills for 5-year-olds:
- They can mimic movements accurately
- They can kick a stationary ball almost 10 feet
- They can get up without using their hands to push themselves up
- They can jump rope
- They can jump down several steps at a time
- Some 5-year-olds can roller-skate and ride a two-wheel bicycle. You’ll need to supervise them, however, and have them wear helmets and elbow and knee guards
Gross motor skills for 6-year-olds
- They can throw and catch a small ball
- They can hop up to 20 feet without falling
- They can walk up to 15 feet on the tips of their toes
- They can move their body in sync to the rhythm of music. Play something peppy to get them in the mood!
- They can skip, gallop and dance
- Some may swim as well
How to Develop Gross Motor Skills in Preschoolers
Encourage your child to climb up stairs one foot at a time to boost coordination between the body and limbs. Set aside playground time for your little one. Let her jump, hop, run or ride a tricycle/bicycle. It’ll help in strengthening her lower body’s muscle groups. Gross motor skills development can also be enhanced by arranging musical play-dates for them.
Now that you know what the gross motor skills for preschoolers are, help your child to achieve these developmental milestones. Do remember that all kids reach milestones at different ages and if your child hasn't achieved them yet, he will soon.