Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is a complex condition that causes hormonal imbalance in women of a reproductive age. Women affected with this condition have tiny cysts in their ovaries causing them to become enlarged. What is scary is that this common endocrine disorder in women between the ages of 18 to 44 is the leading cause of infertility!
Causes of PCOS
As per research, PCOS is the result of anovulation or not ovulating for a long time. The root cause of this is a combination of health and genetic factors such as obesity, not enough physical activity or a family history of someone with the same condition. Higher levels of insulin in the pancreas is also another leading cause of PCOS in women.
Warning Signs of PCOS
The signs of polycystic ovary syndrome tend to start soon after a woman begins her periods. Young women usually suffer from more than one symptom. Of the many warning signs, the following are the most common symptoms of PCOS:
- Irregular or heavy menstrual periods
- Excessive acne
- Increased facial hair growth
- Weight gain sometimes leading to obesity
- Patches of dark skin on the back of the neck, under the arms and the groin area
- Infertility or impaired fertility due to irregular periods stemming from lack of ovulation
- High blood pressure and cholesterol levels
How to Tackle the PCOS Menace
If you're one of the many women struggling with PCOS and are battling infertility, frequent miscarriages or the inability to conceive, don’t lose heart. You're not alone and neither is it the end of the line for you. With a better understanding of the disease and some help from your doctor, you can conquer it instead of allowing it to conquer you.
Diagnosis for PCOS
You should go in for a complete physical examination including blood tests to check hormone levels, blood sugar and cholesterol. Your doctor will also ask you to get an ultrasound scan to check the uterus for polycystic ovaries. Medical opinion varies on the question of can polycystic ovary syndrome be cured. But what is certain is that it can definitely be treated with natural remedies and medications that stimulate ovulation.
Treatment for PCOS
The most common form of treatment for women with PCOS is the birth control pill. This helps regulate menstrual periods, corrects the hormonal imbalance and lowers the level of testosterone. This in turn reduces facial hair growth and controls acne. Additionally, another medicine called 'Metformin' is helpful for women with high levels of insulin.
Dealing with side effects of POCS medication
The side effects of medication may range from nausea and vomiting to polycystic ovary syndrome pain in the pelvic area. To allay these side effects, you can consider hormone therapy or natural remedies. These are known to be effective and also have fewer side effects for most women.
Natural remedies for polycystic ovary syndrome
Resorting to natural remedies is known to have a positive effect on the endocrine system. For instance, daily intake of nutritious foods containing high-fibre (and not sugary) carbohydrates, vitamin D, calcium and fish oil is known to decrease testosterone levels in women with PCOS. You must also ensure that you exercise regularly in order to both lose weight and manage insulin levels.
The symptoms of PCOS can be distressing especially when the medication takes a long time to produce results. However, daily exercise and small changes in your nutrition coupled with regular intake of your doctor’s prescribed medication can help you take charge of your life. Embark on a healthy lifestyle and maintain a positive attitude to speed up the treatment process and combat this ailment.