Infertility can take a toll on a couple's emotional health. But with the advancement in science and technology, there are a lot of treatments available that can help you cure various types of infertility problems.
Fertility Treatment Options:
If you too are facing infertility issues, then start exploring your treatment options.
Medications or fertility drugs to treat infertility:
These can be injected or taken in the form of pills. These fertility drugs release hormones to induce the ovulation process, and stimulate the production of eggs in a woman’s body. They also make the uterus more receptive to embryo implantation. This treatment is recommended for women who do not regularly ovulate, or for men with poor sperm quality. Fertility drugs are the first choice for infertility treatment, as they are low cost, and relatively convenient. You might face bloating, headaches, hot flashes as some side effects of these medications.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) treatment or artificial insemination:
This is the most common fertility treatment, where a specially prepared sperm (in a concentrated dose) is inserted directly into the uterus using a thin, flexible catheter. This is a sure way to increase your chances of fertilisation as it works best in cases where a man has poor sperm motility or the quality of sperms is low. The drawbacks associated with it are that it can result in multiple births, and the woman might feel cramping in her stomach for a day or more.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment:
It is a multistep process where eggs are removed from the ovary and fertilised with sperm (from male) in the laboratory. Upon the development of embryos, one or two are then implanted in a female’s uterus and the rest are stored. This treatment is best for women who suffer from blocked ovaries, or are over 40 years of age. Such treatment is costly and physically demanding. It also requires a rigorous regimen of fertility drugs, which can raise the chances of having multiples and also developing the Ovarian Hyper stimulation Syndrome (OHSS) in women.
A sperm from a man other than the intended father can be used in the procedure of in-vitro fertilisation. It is best for those couples where the male is infertile. This process is a boon for men facing infertility problems or some kind of genetic disorder.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) treatment for male infertility:
A single, healthy looking sperm from the male's semen is taken and injected directly into the egg with the use of a microscopic needle. Upon the development of the embryo, it is transferred into the uterus through IVF. It is best for those couples where the male has low sperm count or poor sperm quality.
Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT) treatment:
A woman’s egg is collected and mixed with the sperm from the male in a petri dish. The mixture obtained is then surgically injected into the fallopian tube of the female where the fertilisation can occur naturally inside her body. It is best for those couples, where the female has at least one functional fallopian tube, or where the male has a low sperm count. It is a more complicated procedure than IVF and usually takes longer time.
When you choose an infertility treatment, consider factors like your age, cause of infertility, cost, time required for a treatment, and the emotional stress a treatment can impose on you and your partner. Alternatively you can also opt for surrogacy or adoption.